TRB Transit Data Committee

TRB Standing Committee AP090

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Welcome to the website for TRB Standing Committee on Transit Data - AP090.

The TRB Standing Committee on Transit Data (formerly Joint Subcommittee on Transformative Trends in Transit Data (AP000/ABJ00)) focuses on the generation, processing, and emerging opportunities for integrating existing and emerging transit data streams with other transit and transit-related datasets to strengthen the entire network of information.

Mission

Transit has traditionally existed in a data-rich environment (e.g., the National Transit Database (NTD). Previously collected manually, many of the data elements can now be assembled from equipment-generated data streams (e.g., Automatic Passenger Counts). Within a transit agency, internal operations, financial reporting, ridership programs, and other transit activities all generate, or manipulate specific data elements to serve specific in-house users. Along with the use of GIS tools by transit dispatchers and managers to monitor service on the street, the creation and implementation of General Transit Feed Specifications (GTFS) and GTFS-Real-time, now provides transit customers with web and smart phone-accessible scheduling and transit service navigation information. This Joint Subcommittee seeks to foster coordination, communication, and research exploration among transit agencies and researchers, and the broader transportation data community.

Scope

This committee focused on the use of foundational and emerging transit data including: Smart Cards; General Transit Feed Specifications (GTFS); archived Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) data, including Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL), Automatic Fare Card (AFC), and Automatic Passenger Counters (APC); as well as on-board surveys. Opportunities to blend and fuse these various sources of transit data open new avenues for cost-effective methods for assisting transit agencies with their data needs. Machine Learning (ML) and other techniques will facilitate the formation of new data partnerships with other modes (e.g., Transportation Network Companies (TNCs), bike sharing operations).

For example, electronically-harvested fare data can be “rolled” up to provide accurate financial reporting, but also contains trip-based details, including zones traveled, time of day, zone-specific fare pricing, and other behavioral elements that could inform modeling, ridership forecasting, emergency management, and service efficiency improvements. With the increasing use of paratransit as feeders to transit, embedded in transit (route deviation) and as local circulators, datasets from non-fixed-route sources are also applicable to these objectives. Automated Vehicle Location (AVL)/GPS data, primarily intended for customer information, could also be used to track performance of buses, schedule making, and road operations. When tied together with Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) data a real-time predictive loads and boarding/alighting model could be derived, and potentially used to manage overcrowding in real time. In addition, agencies need to be encouraged to properly maintain, interpret, and process their Automatic Passenger Counter (APC) data organized by stop id for easy analysis, explore the use of social media data, targeted marketing data, GPS travel data, and real-time in general (as not all is GTFS formatted).

Using a variety of data elements, particularly when they are geocoded, will provide transit planners and researchers with new opportunities to plan and understand transit services in new ways. In addition, new forms of external data used in transit planning, such as Census and American Community Survey (ACS), are being made available as Application Programming Interface (API) products, offering new efficiencies, processing cost–savings, and integration opportunities.

Research

Members

A complete and updated list of members is located on MyTRB

Contact Us

Catherine Lawson, chair Michael Eichler, Secretary Raymond Chan, webmaster

Files

Meeting Minutes

Agenda

Former Subcommittee Files

Meeting Minutes

Agenda